What the UK BIS Department can do to promote corporate responsibility

by 29th Oct 2013
Duck farming, sustainable small business in Bangladesh. © Angela Platt / CARE Duck farming, sustainable small business in Bangladesh. © Angela Platt / CARE

The UK Government has a lot to do to ensure companies pursue their core business responsibly. The current BIS Department consultation on Corporate Responsibility is an opportunity to come up with much clearer and more effective measures to get business to recognise the benefits of responsible behaviour and to build a framework that enables companies to be responsible. It also has to address the many companies who will drag their heels.

At CARE International UK we believe that it is of fundamental importance to the people we work with in developing countries that the BIS Department promotes social and environmental responsibility, particularly in supply chains, from being marginal voluntary activities to being embedded in core business activities. Therefore, we have just submitted our response to the consultation. After the recent UK Action Plan on Business and Human Rights, which we viewed as weak, we are hoping that this second bite of the cherry might be more effective.

We based our response on our work with companies, which shows that, far from responsible business being an additional cost or burden, there are significant benefits from investing in social sustainability to improve the effectiveness of supply chains:

  • securing future supplies in a world where there is much greater competition for resources
  • meeting the needs of consumers in rapidly growing developing markets
  • reducing costs by improving resource usage and reducing waste
  • improving their credibility with the growing number of UK consumers who expect companies to behave responsibly
  • motivating their staff who expect employers to meet their responsibilities to wider society.

Yet these benefits, although understood by progressive companies (like Unilever) for some time have not been widely adopted. Many companies therefore need education and encouragement. The Government can play a positive role by highlighting supply chain, environmental and social best practice through BIS channels, emphasising that these are issues of core business for all companies. We have emphasised to BIS that corporate responsibility is not a “nice to have” add-on, but is a core requirement of all business operations and is not the preserve of major multinationals. 

But comprehensive corporate responsibility also requires a stronger regulatory environment than currently exists and this requires action from the the UK Government. For instance, the Government needs to give legal effect to the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Further, even allowing for the Government’s preference for transparency and reporting (see the UK Action Plan), they need to set the framework within which companies must report to ensure that information is clear, consistent and comparable.

The Government needs to go much further than improving reporting. The relationship between investors and management needs to be reconfigured such that management are under less pressure to deliver short term targets. 

Strikingly, the recently published UN Global Compact CEO Sustainability Survey report specifically highlights CEOs’ frustration at short termism: “Business leaders see sustainability reshaping their business environment and are committed to reorienting their companies to take advantage as they scale up their contribution to global priorities. But even as they make progress in embedding sustainability through their business, it is becoming increasingly apparent that they are constrained by market expectations”.

It seems then that for BIS even just to catch up with prevailing corporate sentiment, there is a need to revise the responsibilities of Directors within the Companies Acts to allow them to pay due regard to broad social and environmental requirements, and to pursue policies to promote a longer-term view on investments

And the Government can further enable businesses, large and small by supporting joint learning by bringing together retailers, manufacturers, traders and importers with government and civil society, by underwriting commercial risk on innovative approaches (see for example DFID’s much-heralded early support for M-PESA in Kenya).

We believe that it is of fundamental importance to the people we work with in developing countries that the BIS Department promotes social and environmental responsibility beyond just marginal voluntary activities, to actually being embedded in core business activities. This approach isn’t just important to help improve the lives of those in developing countries around the world, crucially for those at BIS, it is key to the future survival and success of British businesses.

Gerry Boyle

I lead CARE International UK’s policy analysis and advocacy around value chains and dignified work. I originally joined CARE as the Senior Policy Adviser on Private Sector Engagement. With the advent of our new Global Programme Strategy which put a particular emphasis on women’s economic empowerment, my focus changed a little, although I still work extensively with issues in the private sector and with CARE’s corporate partners.

Until recently I spent a lot of my time on financial inclusion, now looked after by my colleague Fiona Jarden. I also co-chair the Bond Private Sector Working Group.  Immediately before I joined CARE I worked for Oxfam as Head of Business Relations for about three years, but the vast majority of my career was spent as a management consultant including being a consulting Partner at Deloitte, where for a time I led Deloitte UK’s Consumer Business consulting practice, serving many major multinationals. My original degree was in Law from Oxford University, and in 2008 when I left Deloitte I did an MSc in Philosophy and Public Policy at LSE.

One good thing I've read

Amartya Sen’s Development as Freedom. It provides a framework for many people’s modern understanding of what is development, based on a profoundly human-centred approach rather than anything instrumental. And to check whether one personally is doing enough to fight poverty, I recommend Peter Singer’s The life you can save: Acting now to end world poverty – it’s very clear and easy to read but very challenging! Finally, Ha-Joon Chang’s Bad Samaritans: Rich nations, poor policies, and the threat to the developing world is a very readable guide to economic development which argues strongly against many of the prevailing orthodoxies.

Email: boyle@careinternational.org

Twitter: @gerryboyle10