Changing landscapes and the outliers: Macro and micro factors influencing livelihood trends in Zambia over the last 30 years

"Over the last 30 years agricultural production has continued to form the basis of livelihood strategies in rural Zambia.

There are wide variations, and combinations depending on ecological zone, land suitability, cropping pattern, year round water availability, and potential for livestock/poultry production.

All households engage in a range of non-agricultural natural resource use, for example: fishing, forestry and wildlife utilisation.

In addition households are involved in various alternative informal income generating activities. However, these tend to be short term, seasonal and with low rewards, e.g. petty trading, crafts, and casual labour."

  • Published: October 2009

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