Post-disaster shelter in India: A study of the long-term outcomes of post-disaster shelter projects

Over the last 15 years CARE India and other NGOs have repeatedly responded to natural disasters where large numbers of people have lost their homes. This study evaluates the medium- to long-term effectiveness of post-disaster shelter responses and recommends measures to strengthen future shelter programmes, whether undertaken by CARE or other agencies, to most effectively address the complex and interconnected needs of disaster-affected women, girls, men and boys.

The study covers 10 shelter programmes undertaken after natural disasters by CARE since 2001 and draws on separate evaluations of three Christian Aid and SEEDS post-disaster shelter programmes. The study covers projects in 12 States and Union Territory (Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand & West Bengal) and includes projects undertaken after the Indian Ocean tsunami, earthquakes, floods and cyclones. Detailed recommendations cover impact (scale and coverage); shelter and settlements; accountability; specific needs and capacities of women, girls, men and boys; relocation projects; and the shelter sector in India.

  • Countries: India
  • Published: February 2016

Related Publications

The impact of cash transfers on resilience: A multi-country study

This study, based on experiences and data in three countries (Zimbabwe, Niger and Ethiopia) where CARE has delivered cash transfer programmes, analyses the extent to which receipt of cash contributes to... Read more...


Monitoring and evaluation of cash transfer programmes for resilience

This study, drawing on monitoring and evaluation data for CARE cash transfer programmes in three countries (Zimbabwe, Niger and Ethiopia), provides analysis and recommendations on how the impact of CTPs on resilience can be better... Read more...


Cash in crisis: The case of Zimbabwe’s ‘Cash First’ humanitarian response

Based on the experience of delivering the first large-scale humanitarian cash programme in Zimbabwe, this briefing paper argues that even during a liquidity crisis, cash transfer programming can still be a feasible option, giving people greater... Read more...


Managing cash-based programmes in a volatile markets context

This case study of the first large-scale humanitarian cash programme in Zimbabwe presents learning and recommendations on how to design and adapt cash transfer programmes to mitigate the risk of a cash liquidity... Read more...


Partnering with Mobile Network Operators in Zimbabwe to deliver humanitarian cash transfers

This case study explores the partnership between CARE International and World Vision with two mobile network operators to deliver the first humanitarian cash transfer programme to be carried out on a large scale in... Read more...


The Path to 2020: Delivering transformative, rights-based family planning

In 2012, CARE joined other civil society organisations, governments and donors to commit to providing an additional 120 million women and girls with family planning information and services by 2020. This report reviews CARE's progress towards our... Read more...


Adaptable and effective: Cash in the face of multi-dimensional crisis – Lessons from Zimbabwe

A summary of the learnings and recommendations from an internal and external evaluation of the Emergency Cash-First Response to Drought-Affected Communities in the Southern Provinces of Zimbabwe project which was carried out from August 2015 to... Read more...


2017 Family Planning Summit: CARE's Key Messages and Policy Asks

FP2020 has brought a powerful focus on family planning – but we must accelerate progress and fill key gaps to ensure we reach all people with the contraception/family planning services they want and... Read more...


Ensuring universal access to family planning in crisis-affected settings: Key messages and policy asks

Of the 225 million women with unmet need for family planning, many live in areas affected by conflict or natural disasters. Delivering family planning services in these settings is critical to ensuring countries meet their FP2020 goals, as well... Read more...