The effects of an HIV and AIDS project on migrants in Nepal, Bangladesh and India: findings from a quasi-experimental study

This briefing presents findings from the the 5-year EMPHASIS project on migrants and HIV in Nepal, Bangladesh and India. Analysis of the project suggests that HIV and AIDS prevention programmes that focus on peer education for migrants within both their source and destination countries are vital to increase their knowledge on the risks of infection, reduce behaviour that increases these risks and expand their HIV-related service uptake.

The report provides strong evidence that EMPHASIS services have had a positive impact on HIV and AIDS knowledge and communication, on referral mechanisms, on sexual behaviour and condom use and on the creation of an enabling environment to improve working conditions in destination locations and address stigma against migrants and people living with HIV at source locations.

It also argues that as well as interventions to prevent HIV infection, it is essential to create an enabling environment by addressing migrants’ rights and entitlements and their safe mobility and by tackling the stigma they face to reduce their vulnerability.

Authors: Fiona Samuels, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Mirza Manbira Sultana, Prokriti Nokrek, Navneet Kaur, Nabesh Bohidar and Umesh Gahatraj

  • Countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal
  • Co-authors: ODI, Big Lottery Fund
  • Published: July 2014
Themes:

Related Publications

Improving maternal and child health in Asia through innovative partnerships and approaches

This research brief provides an overview of the impact of project interventions and CARE’s best practices under the GSK ‘20% Reinvestment Initiative’ in Asia. This strategic partnership between CARE and GSK focuses on improving maternal and... Read more...


Improving maternal and child health in Asia through innovative partnerships and approaches: The case of Nepal

This research brief is part of a series capturing the impact of project interventions and analysing and documenting CARE’s best practices under the GSK ‘20% Reinvestment Initiative’ in Asia. This briefing focuses on the case of... Read more...


Improving maternal and child health in Asia through innovative partnerships and approaches: The case of Afghanistan

This research brief is part of a series capturing the impact of project interventions and analysing and documenting CARE’s best practices under the GSK ‘20% Reinvestment Initiative’ in Asia. This briefing focuses on the case of... Read more...


Improving maternal and child health in Asia through innovative partnerships and approaches: The case of Bangladesh

This research brief is part of a series capturing the impact of project interventions and analysing and documenting CARE’s best practices under the GSK ‘20% Reinvestment Initiative’ in Asia. This briefing focuses on the case of... Read more...


Haiti earthquake: Progress report, 2010-2015

This progress report marks the 5th anniversary of the devastating earthquake in Haiti. The report consists of programmatic and financial data collected in country and provides information on cumulative progress achieved by CARE over the five... Read more...


Critical diagnosis: The case for placing South Sudan’s healthcare system at the heart of the humanitarian response

This report argues that strengthening local health systems should be a key focus of humanitarian health responses – bringing together humanitarian actors and local health workers to save lives in the short-term emergency response, and helping... Read more...


Ensuring sustainable and equitable growth: CARE’s recommendations to the G20

This paper outlines CARE’s recommendations towards the G20 summit on 15-16 November 2014. The briefing paper focuses on issues of gender equality, climate change, financial inclusion, the Sustainable Development Goals, and the fight against... Read more...


Women, migration and development: Investing in the future

This short briefing paper outlines the key insights from the international conference on Women, Migration and Development jointly organised by CARE International, EMPHASIS and ODI in July... Read more...


EMPHASIS Learning Series: Towards safety, dignity and better health of migrants

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the EMPHASIS (Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV/AIDS Services Information and Support) project, a 5-year project implemented in India, Nepal and Bangladesh addressing cross border... Read more...


An integrated approach to address mobile people’s vulnerability to HIV and migration: EMPHASIS experiences in a nutshell

This briefing presents the key messages and experiences from the 5-year EMPHASIS (Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV and AIDS Services, Information and Support) project in Bangladesh, Nepal and... Read more...


Migration, health and dignity in South Asia: Lessons from the EMPHASIS project on migration, women’s empowerment and HIV in Bangladesh, India and Nepal

This report on the EMPHASIS (Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV and AIDS Services, Information and Support) project suggests that reaching cross-border migrants with information in their home countries and at their destinations can... Read more...