Browse by Theme: Conflict & Fragility

Bill Gates claims to read 20-30 books a month. Yet the truth is most of us working in development rarely read a book cover to cover. ‘Book Off’ – is CARE International UK’s (CIUK’s) attempt to tap into the best new ideas without spending a day in the library. My contribution to this month’s rapid fire discussion group was a look at conflict guru Chris Cramer’s seminal book, Civil War is Not a Stupid Thing, from 2006, and the key ideas it contains.

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In the last few months the world’s leaders have declared and resolved to end sexual violence against women in conflict. First we had the G8 declaration and then UN resolution 2106 but what difference will these really make to the women who are being raped in places like the DRC, Syria and South Sudan?

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How do you effectively monitor and evaluate the unintended conflict consequences of a large development programme, e.g. health services, in a fragile state? This new publication by CARE International UK and CDA gives practical guidance on how to do this. It includes a discussion of the methodological questions that arise when embarking on a process to monitor and evaluate conflict sensitivity, as well as a range of practical and field-tested tools, for use with a variety of different sized interventions e.g. country operational plans, sectors, programmes or projects.

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The conference on Afghanistan in Bonn yesterday resulted in a statement which says all the right things, but lacks any specific commitments or actions to make them happen in reality.

CARE helped organise and host a series of meetings between leading women's rights activists in Afghanistan from the Afghan Women's Network (AWN) and diplomats before and during the conference. AWN launched a declaration based on consultations with over 500 women activists across Afghanistan, who collectively represent or work with over 500,000 Afghan women. This meeting, attended by journalists and members of European and Afghan civil society, happened on the morning of the official summit, immediately after President Karzai had given his opening speech.

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This briefing note sets out detailed recommendations for the UN High level panel to consider as they begin to consider what might replace the Millennium Development Goals when they expire in 2015. CARE calls for a strong emphasis on gender and social equality, an integrated approach to poverty and climate change, and much much more!

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Boran, Gabra and Garri pastoralists in the border areas of northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia have long relied on the management of natural resources to maximise land use and sustain livestock productivity. Managing herd movements plays a key role in rangeland management, with some areas suitable for use during the dry season and some during the wet season.

The rangeland as a whole constitutes a communally owned economic resource that must be shared among the different pastoralist ethnic groups and clans living in the area. They have developed an institutional system of primary and secondary rights of access with procedures and principles for negotiations between different pastoralist groups to regulate the sharing of water and pasture.

This indigenous institutional framework governs the mobility of herders and their livestock, including across the international border, maintains and restores collaboration among clans and ethnic groups and provides a framework for managing disputes and conflict.

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Violent conflict and ‘situations of fragility’ represent significant challenges for aid effectiveness. Applying traditional development approaches in an unchanged fashion in such contexts simply does not work.

Aid can have unintended interactions with conflict - both to exacerbate or mitigate violence or the potential for violence.

For this reason, CARE International believes that working in or on conflict requires a different approach.

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