Browse by Theme: Conflict & Fragility

"Focusing on theories of change can improve the effectiveness of peacebuilding interventions.

A review of 19 peacebuilding projects in three conflict-affected countries found that the process of articulating and reviewing theories of change adds rigour and transparency, clarifies project logic, highlights assumptions that need to be tested, and helps identify appropriate participants and partners.

However, the approach has limitations, including the difficulty of gathering theory validating evidence."


Since the introduction of the Do No Harm framework more than ten years ago, the humanitarian sector has invested in a range of initiatives to address programme quality and accountability. Although aid agencies often seek to be neutral or nonpartisan toward the winners and losers of a war, the impact of their aid is not neutral regarding whether conflict worsens or abates’. This paper identifies conflict flashpoints common to the activities of first-phase emergency responses; identifies how programme and surge capacity staff currently apply conflict sensitivity in the context of rapid-onset emergencies, maps key conflict-sensitivity challenges faced by aid agencies; and draws out conclusions and practical recommendations to strengthen the use of conflict-sensitive approaches in future humanitarian emergencies.


Lessons learned from Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda on women’s participation in peacebuilding and post-conflict governance

UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (SCR 1325, 2000) was hailed a victory for women’s rights activists around the world.

The adoption of the resolution represented a significant step forward in recognising the strategic contribution that women can make to peace and security policy, as well as acknowledging the increasing use of violence against women as a tactic of war.

Yet a decade later, women are still largely absent from peace negotiations. How can the policy be turned into practice, which impacts on the lives of women most affected by conflict?"


Every day, the lives of women and girls are being destroyed by sexual violence. Used as a tactic of war to terrorise communities, with devastating effect, rape is the hidden reality of conflict.

The UN Security Council has committed to tackle this violence before, during and after conflict, and to help the women and girls left to deal with the consequences. We challenge them to make this commitment a reality.

Throughout history, violence against women and girls has been an integral part of armed conflict.

They are killed, injured, widowed and orphaned. Rape has been used by fighting forces as a tactic of war to humiliate, intimidate and traumatise communities, and as a method of ethnic cleansing.

Women and girls are abducted into sexual slavery or forced to exchange sex or marriage for survival.

The statistics are stark. Up to 50,000 women were raped in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and up to 500,000 during the Rwandan genocide.

Horrifyingly, still, 40 women are brutally raped each day in just one province of the Democratic Republic of Congo.


This publication is aimed at providing an overview of good practice examples in combating trafficking in human beings developed within the regional projects implemented by CARE International, North-West Balkans, in four countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia) with the support of CARE Norway.

Financial support was provided by the following donors: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway, the Austrian Development Agency (ADA) and the Oak Foundation.


Rights in Conflict is an encyclopaedia of work documenting the challenges and opportunities of working on rights in conflict contexts. It will be useful for policy makers and practioners alike. Readers can dip into the different chapters to glean knowledge and information on effective practice. The introduction section provides a useful overview on the key concepts in the field of rights and conflict. The last chapter pulls together the different threads of argument. It highlights how rights based approaches can add value in conflict contexts and conversely, how conflict sensitive approaches can add value to rights based approaches. While it outlines the conceptual, operational and organisational challenges of working in these areas, it ends positively, and emphasises steps that can be taken to ensure that work is effective.


United Nations Security Council Resolution 1820 (S/RES/1820), unanimously adopted on 19 June 2008, addresses sexual and other forms of gender-based violence (GBV) against women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations. In the coming weeks, the UN secretariat – led by UN DPKO – will finalise a report outlining recommendations on 1820 implementation, which will then be discussed and adopted by the UN Security Council.

This paper outlines key recommendations from CARE International.
CARE welcomes the international debate on 1820, but we remain concerned that key aspects of GBV prevention and response are neglected by current deliberations.

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