Changing landscapes and the outliers: Macro and micro factors influencing livelihood trends in Zambia over the last 30 years

"Over the last 30 years agricultural production has continued to form the basis of livelihood strategies in rural Zambia.

There are wide variations, and combinations depending on ecological zone, land suitability, cropping pattern, year round water availability, and potential for livestock/poultry production.

All households engage in a range of non-agricultural natural resource use, for example: fishing, forestry and wildlife utilisation.

In addition households are involved in various alternative informal income generating activities. However, these tend to be short term, seasonal and with low rewards, e.g. petty trading, crafts, and casual labour."

  • Published: October 2009

Related Publications

CARE evidence to the International Development Committee Inquiry into the DFID Economic Development Strategy

CARE's written evidence to the IDC argues that DFID’s Economic Development Strategy has an inadequate focus on gender and therefore will not deliver outcomes for women, companies and... Read more...

Stories of recovery: CARE Philippines post Haiyan/Yolanda shelter response

CARE Philippines responded to the devastation of the November 2013 Haiyan/Yolanda typhoon with extensive shelter and livelihoods programmes. This report evaluates the shelter response which used a self-recovery approach, providing almost 16,000... Read more...

Women’s leadership in Cocoa Life communities

Emerging best practices of women’s leadership within cocoa farming in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire

This report of an extensive review of the Cocoa Life program’s approach to promoting women’s leadership... Read more...