Too early to declare success: counter-narcotics policy in Afghanistan

Opium dominates political and economic life in Afghanistan to an extent unparalleled anywhere in the world.

Years of war and years of drought have created a fertile environment for opium poppies to thrive, as the state weakened and farmers' access to other markets collapsed.

Today, the thriving opium economy - and the insecurity it breeds - are the greatest threats to building a stable, secure Afghanistan.

The impact of the Afghan opium trade is far-reaching both within Afghanistan and globally.

  • Countries: Afghanistan
  • Co-authors: Centre on International Cooperation
  • Published: March 2005

Related Publications

Beyond economic empowerment: The influence of savings groups on women's public participation in fragile and (post) conflict-affected settings

Research shows that in addition to improving income and access to savings, women’s participation in savings groups also improves their confidence, skills and ability to influence household decision-making. This prompts the question: do these... Read more...


The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2020

CARE’s annual report highlighting the 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of the year. The analysis reveals a concerning trend of crises – particularly on the African continent – being neglected year after... Read more...


Sometimes we don’t even eat: How conflict and COVID-19 are pushing millions of people to the brink

This CARE report exposes how COVID-19 has exaggerated food insecurity in conflict-torn regions including Yemen, South Sudan, northeast Nigeria, and Democratic Republic of Congo. The report argues that unless urgent action is taken, repercussions... Read more...


Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy: Submission by CARE International UK

The UK government’s Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy is intended to help define the government’s vision for the UK’s role in the world over the next decade. CARE International UK made this submission... Read more...


Resilient Market Systems Standards: A compendium for practitioners

By 2030, the number of people living in poverty in fragile settings could rise to 620 million, or more than 80% of the world’s poorest people. CARE’s Resilient Market System work aims to make crisis-affected market systems more resilient,... Read more...


Evicted by climate change: Confronting the gendered impacts of climate-induced displacement

This report highlights the causes and consequences of climate-induced displacement. It argues that climate change exacerbates existing gender inequalities. The report calls for more women’s leadership and greater financial support for... Read more...


Latin America and the Caribbean rapid gender analysis for COVID-19

Women and girls across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are facing a terrifying mix of increased domestic violence and care burden, as well as a lower access to income and jobs, and potential social unrest as a result of the coronavirus... Read more...


West Africa Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19

This rapid gender analysis finds that women are excluded from information sharing on COVID-19 and from key high level decision making processes at national and regional level, across West Africa. Despite this, the analysis also reveals how... Read more...