Too early to declare success: counter-narcotics policy in Afghanistan

Opium dominates political and economic life in Afghanistan to an extent unparalleled anywhere in the world.

Years of war and years of drought have created a fertile environment for opium poppies to thrive, as the state weakened and farmers' access to other markets collapsed.

Today, the thriving opium economy - and the insecurity it breeds - are the greatest threats to building a stable, secure Afghanistan.

The impact of the Afghan opium trade is far-reaching both within Afghanistan and globally.

  • Countries: Afghanistan
  • Co-authors: Centre on International Cooperation
  • Published: March 2005

Related Publications

Every Voice Counts: Domains of change research

This report presents a review of experiences from the Every Voice Counts (EVC) programme, an inclusive governance initiative implemented by CARE Nederland and partners from 2016 to 2020. The overall objective of the programme was to... Read more...


‘If we don’t work, we don’t eat’: Syrian women face mounting food insecurity a decade into the conflict

After 10 years of conflict and humanitarian crisis in Syria, this research seeks to better understand Syrian women’s experiences during the past decade, with a focus on how their lives have changed, the livelihoods strategies they have... Read more...


Our Best Shot: Women frontline health workers in other countries are keeping you safe from COVID-19

This report argues that women frontline health workers – who deliver the ‘last mile’ of vaccination programmes and make vaccinations possible – do not get the protection, recognition, equality, and pay that they deserve. Vaccines are... Read more...


Time for a better bargain: How the Aid system shortchanges women and girls in crisis

This report appraises top government donors and UN agencies on financing women’s rights and women-led organisations in countries experiencing humanitarian crises and on ensuring women’s participation in leadership. It finds that UN agencies... Read more...


Beyond economic empowerment: The influence of savings groups on women's public participation in fragile and (post) conflict-affected settings

Research shows that in addition to improving income and access to savings, women’s participation in savings groups also improves their confidence, skills and ability to influence household decision-making. This prompts the question: do these... Read more...


The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2020

CARE’s annual report highlighting the 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of the year. The analysis reveals a concerning trend of crises – particularly on the African continent – being neglected year after... Read more...


Sometimes we don’t even eat: How conflict and COVID-19 are pushing millions of people to the brink

This CARE report exposes how COVID-19 has exaggerated food insecurity in conflict-torn regions including Yemen, South Sudan, northeast Nigeria, and Democratic Republic of Congo. The report argues that unless urgent action is taken, repercussions... Read more...


Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy: Submission by CARE International UK

The UK government’s Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy is intended to help define the government’s vision for the UK’s role in the world over the next decade. CARE International UK made this submission... Read more...


Resilient Market Systems Standards: A compendium for practitioners

By 2030, the number of people living in poverty in fragile settings could rise to 620 million, or more than 80% of the world’s poorest people. CARE’s Resilient Market System work aims to make crisis-affected market systems more resilient,... Read more...


Evicted by climate change: Confronting the gendered impacts of climate-induced displacement

This report highlights the causes and consequences of climate-induced displacement. It argues that climate change exacerbates existing gender inequalities. The report calls for more women’s leadership and greater financial support for... Read more...