In Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands, livelihoods are dominated by pastoralism. Pastoral communities are accustomed to dealing with drought and erratic rainfall and have traditionally utilized systems and practices that minimized the impact of climate-related shocks to their livelihoods. Recently however, the impacts of climate change have combined with other environmental, economic and political factors to create a situation of increasing vulnerability for poor and marginalized households.

The situation is particularly serious for women, who face additional social, cultural and political constraints to resource access and adaptive decision-making. In response, some households have transitioned into an agro-pastoral way of life, combining the traditional livestock rearing with crop production and other economic activities. While this shift represents an innovation for these communities, it has also
exposed them to new risks and a different set of challenges in securing their livelihoods.

Latest Publications

Applying Conflict Sensitivity in Emergency Response

  • Countries: Haiti, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Global
  • Co-authors: ODI, CAFOD, Nona Zicherman
  • Published: October 2011

Puno Impact Assessment

  • Countries: Peru
  • Published: October 2011

Towards Better Governance? A reflection on CARE's governance work in 6 countries

  • Countries: Angola, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Nepal, Peru
  • Co-authors: Peter Clarke
  • Published: August 2011

Cash transfers, gender equity and women's empowerment in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia

  • Countries: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
  • Co-authors: Maxine Molyneux and Marylin Thomson
  • Published: July 2011

Empowering Workers on the Tea Sector of Sri Lanka

  • Countries: Sri Lanka
  • Co-authors: CARE International Sri Lanka
  • Published: July 2011

Population mobility and HIV and AIDS: review of laws, policies and treaties between Bangladesh, Nepal and India

  • Countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal
  • Co-authors: ODI, Big Lottery Fund
  • Published: June 2011