Opium dominates political and economic life in Afghanistan to an extent unparalleled anywhere in the world.

Years of war and years of drought have created a fertile environment for opium poppies to thrive, as the state weakened and farmers' access to other markets collapsed.

Today, the thriving opium economy - and the insecurity it breeds - are the greatest threats to building a stable, secure Afghanistan.

The impact of the Afghan opium trade is far-reaching both within Afghanistan and globally.

Latest Publications

Resolution 1325: From rhetoric to practice, a report on the role of women in reconcilliation processes in the Great Lakes in Africa

  • Countries: Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Co-authors: CARE Norway, International Peace Research Institute Oslo.
  • Published: January 2005

Politicisation of humanitarian aid: towards an advocacy strategy

  • Countries: Afghanistan, Iraq, Global
  • Published: December 2004

Paddy, fish and vegetable marketing systems in northwest Bangladesh: Current situation and opportunities for intervention

  • Countries: Bangladesh
  • Co-authors: Tiago Sequeira Wandschneider Natural Resources Institute
  • Published: August 2001

Strengthening urban livelihoods, Zambia

  • Co-authors: Darren Hedley and David Sanderson
  • Published: August 2000