Browse by Theme: Health

This ODI Background Note explores the magnitude, causes and consequences of migration in South Asia including the social and behavioural mechanisms underlying the relationship between migration and HIV-related vulnerabilities.

Read more...

Along with the rise of the development effectiveness movement of the last few decades, experimental impact evaluation methods – randomised controlled trials and quasi-experimental techniques – have emerged as a dominant force. While the increased use of these methods has contributed to improved understanding of what works and whether specific projects have been successful, their ‘gold standard’ status threatens to exclude a large body of evidence from the development effectiveness dialogue. In this paper we conduct an evaluation of the impact on child stunting of CARE’s SHOUHARDO project in Bangladesh, the first large-scale project to use the rights-based, livelihoods approach to address malnutrition. In line with calls for a more balanced view of what constitutes rigor and scientific evidence, and for the use of more diversified and holistic methods in impact evaluations, we employ a mixed-methods approach. The results from multiple data sources and methods, including both non-experimental and quasi-experimental, are triangulated to arrive at the conclusions.

Read more...

This Background Note provides an overview of the HIV situation in Nepal, Bangladesh and India, followed by a review of the individual country legal frameworks and an outline of regional initiatives around migration and HIV.

Read more...

This paper documents and systematises Peru’s recent experience in tackling malnutrition.

Through an intensive review of quantitative and qualitative evidence, it argues that success is not explained by the presence of favourable socioeconomic changes in Peru, and it explores the political determinants of success in three dimensions.

Horizontally, it looks at government efforts to form policy coalitions across representatives of different government and non-government agencies; it looks at the vertical integration of agencies and programmes between national, regional and municipal governments, and it analyses the allocation of  government resources used to fund the government’s nutrition effort.

Read more...

Through the Livestock Marketing and Enterprise Project and Livestock Purchusing Fund in Kenya CARE created a sustainable business that could act as a social enterprise and be profitable for the pastoralists long after donor project funding was finished. The enterprise also succeeeded in providing honest and fair cattle prices to the pastoralists by including them in pricing decisions and using forward contracts that would be based on a pre-agreed price per kilogram, and, in addition to the market-based interventions, a social component of encouraging gender equity and providing HIV/AIDS awareness education to the pastoralist communities.

Read more...

There is a strong two-way relationship between food insecurity and the HIV and AIDS epidemic.

Homestead gardening can help to break the connection. It offers a wider range of potential crops than field-based agriculture, requires less time and labour and can provide a source of extra income.

Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS concerns into agricultural programs also helps reduce stigma and build partnerships with other organizations.

Read more...

This document summarizes the lessons learned through CARE’s experience in developing an HIV and AIDS workplace policy.

Read more...
Page 3 of 7