Browse by Theme: Conflict & Fragility

Across all provinces in Afghanistan, there are non-governmental organisations (NGOs) delivering assistance in the midst of violence and political instability.

Their ability to implement programmes safely and effectively is increasingly jeopardised by the deteriorating security situation.

In some districts, NGOs have significantly reduced their operations or even withdrawn entirely as their staff, projects and beneficiaries come under attack.

In this challenging context, aid agencies have a responsibility to understand and manage their interactions with a range of armed forces active in Afghanistan.

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This report by ActionAid, CAFOD and CARE International is an independent analysis of the UN Peacebuilding Commission’s first year of work in Sierra Leone and Burundi.

It is based on interviews with dozens of ex-combatants, war-wounded civilians and community representatives in the two countries, as well as information from UN, donor and government officials.

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Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major public health problem that results in devastating effects on mental and reproductive health and emotional distress. Gender-based violence also perpetuates broader structural inequalities that limit social justice and equity.

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Civilians most affected by the conflict in Uganda are the grandmothers, mothers and sisters of those still with the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). Women have a critical role to play in trying to bring peace to their communities.

CARE recently conducted a survey on the peace talks among 75 women in six IDP camps in Gulu district. The survey shows that women are powerful voices for peace, but they are not being heard.

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CSOPNU is a coalition of more than 50 Ugandan and international non-governmental organizations - including CARE International - working with women, men and children affected by the northern conflict.

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Opium dominates political and economic life in Afghanistan to an extent unparalleled anywhere in the world.

Years of war and years of drought have created a fertile environment for opium poppies to thrive, as the state weakened and farmers' access to other markets collapsed.

Today, the thriving opium economy - and the insecurity it breeds - are the greatest threats to building a stable, secure Afghanistan.

The impact of the Afghan opium trade is far-reaching both within Afghanistan and globally.

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On 31 October 2000 the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325, which stands as a landmark for the recognition of women’s rights in armed conflict.

Women are not only recognized as victims, but also as important actors in the post-war reconstruction.

The resolution addresses the need to increase women’s representation in peace processes and to support women’s peace initiatives.

It also addresses women’s vulnerability in armed conflict, particularly through gender based violence, and the need to prosecute such crimes.

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