Browse by Theme: Shelter

CARE has made a long-term commitment to strengthening gender equality and women’s voice in both emergency and development contexts. These guidelines aim to provide those involved in planning and managing emergency shelter preparedness, response, or construction activities or programmes, with clear and practical guidance on how to integrate gender in the shelter sector.

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CARE Philippines responded to the devastation of the November 2013 Haiyan/Yolanda typhoon with extensive shelter and livelihoods programmes. This report evaluates the shelter response which used a self-recovery approach, providing almost 16,000 families with cash, materials and tools coupled with relevant technical assistance. It also analyses the relationship between shelter and livelihood programmes.

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After disasters many international agencies, including CARE, undertake a whole range of projects to help affected people recover, including the construction of houses. These may be described as all sorts of things, including temporary shelter, transitional shelter, durable shelter, semi-permanent shelter, core houses or permanent houses. Which description is used often seems almost arbitrary, decided by a mixture of assumptions about people’s recovery, donor mandates and priorities, government policy and the level of expertise available in agencies. The description rarely matches reality.

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CARE has been working in India for over 65 years, and over that time a large part of its work has been responding to and supporting recovery from disasters. Many of these humanitarian projects have involved emergency shelter and housing reconstruction. Indeed, since 2000, CARE has built over 8,000 houses for some of the most vulnerable people who have lost their homes in disasters. A number of other agencies have undertaken similar construction programmes over the years. So what has the long-term effect of these projects been? Is the approach right, and given both the scale of typical disasters in India and the increasing quality and reach of government response, is the approach still relevant and appropriate?

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The introduction, conclusions and recommendations from the full report.

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Over the last 15 years CARE India and other NGOs have repeatedly responded to natural disasters where large numbers of people have lost their homes. This study evaluates the medium- to long-term effectiveness of post-disaster shelter responses and recommends measures to strengthen future shelter programmes, whether undertaken by CARE or other agencies, to most effectively address the complex and interconnected needs of disaster-affected women, girls, men and boys.

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This report produced by CARE Nepal warns that reconstruction in Nepal following the 2015 earthquakes might leave some earthquake-affected people behind, including very vulnerable ones such as squatters, undocumented citizens or owners without a formal land title. The report highlights land use planning as a necessary step in reconstruction, and recommends specific actions to allow progressive rights to become effective in practice.

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