Inequality and injustice: The deteriorating situation for women and girls in South Sudan's war

This progressive gender analysis is based on a number of CARE’s rapid gender analyses in South Sudan conducted since December 2013 and focuses on gender-based violence. CARE's rapid gender analyses are designed as an incremental process: as more information about gender relations during the current crisis in South Sudan becomes available, the progressive gender analysis will be updated. It is hoped that this document will provide support for CARE staff members and other INGOs to ensure that the needs of women, men, boys and girls are taken into account as the humanitarian response continues to develop.

Key findings include:

  • An increase in sexual violence for all groups (girls, women, boys, men) since July 2016 but women and girls have been most affected.
  • Stigma remains extremely high for all forms of sexual violence and GBV.
  • Women continue to bear the largest burden for taking care of their household.
  • There are reports of forced recruitment of both boys and girls. It is expected that the recruitment and abduction of girls involves sexual violence. 
  • In Eastern Equatoria, child marriages have increased as a coping mechanism for the economic revival of families in crisis.
  • Countries: South Sudan
  • Published: December 2016

Related Publications

A rapid gender analysis of the August 2020 Beirut explosion

On August 4 2020, the devastating Beirut explosion shook the whole city to its core, taking the lives of 191 persons (120 males, 58 females, and 13 unspecified), wounding at least 6,500, and leaving 300,000 people displaced. The impact of the... Read more...


Girl-driven change: Meeting the needs of adolesent girls during COVID-19 and beyond

As a result of the circumstances brought on by COVID-19, adolescent girls face myriad risks — ranging from an increased likelihood of exposure to violence and early marriage, to learning, health and economic losses. This report draws upon... Read more...


She Told Us So: Filling the Data Gap to Build Back Equal

This in-depth research report reveals differing perspectives between women and men when it comes to the challenges associated with the COVID-19... Read more...


Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy: Submission by CARE International UK

The UK government’s Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy is intended to help define the government’s vision for the UK’s role in the world over the next decade. CARE International UK made this submission... Read more...


Left Out and Left Behind: Ignoring women will prevent us from solving the hunger crisis

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are exposing the existing flaws in food systems, many of which stem from gender inequalities and the unfair treatment of women and girls. Rising hunger and food shortages are also putting additional burdens on... Read more...


Towards healthier homes in humanitarian settings

This report contains the proceedings of a Multi-sectoral Shelter and Health Learning Day hosted by the ‘Self-recovery from Humanitarian Crisis’ research group. The report, which includes summaries of 20 presentations by humanitarian and... Read more...


Resilient Market Systems Standards: A compendium for practitioners

By 2030, the number of people living in poverty in fragile settings could rise to 620 million, or more than 80% of the world’s poorest people. CARE’s Resilient Market System work aims to make crisis-affected market systems more resilient,... Read more...


Perspectives from local women led and women's rights organisations

Local women-led organisations and women’s rights organisations play critically important roles in crisis response, but their efforts often lack both political and financial support. In this report, 15 such organisations provide a snap-shot... Read more...