“Our small peace cannot survive alone”: Lessons in peacebuilding and economic development in South Sudan

South Sudan has endured many decades of violent conflict. To escape from the cycle of destruction and revenge, the Compromise Peace Agreement signed in August 2015 presents an opportunity for national authorities and the international community to adopt a new approach. This paper draws on CARE’s integrated approach to peacebuilding and economic development to argue that community reconciliation and economic development should be given equal weight in strategy decisions by national authorities, donors and aid agencies.

Drawing on field research conducted in Maiwut County, Upper Nile State, where CARE’s peace and development work is most established, the paper looks at the role of peace committees, micro-entrepreneurs, savings and loan groups, and gender roles and economic markets. It highlights six key lessons from community peacebuilding and development, and makes recommendations for how national authorities, donors, and humanitarian and development actors, can help build long-term peace in South Sudan by promoting community reconciliation alongside economic development.

  • Countries: South Sudan
  • Published: December 2015

Related Publications

Rapid gender and protection analysis: Cyclone Kenneth response, Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique

This rapid gender and protection analysis, conducted by the COSACA consortium and led by CARE, highlights the ways in which instability and entrenched gender inequalities are worsening the impact of Cyclone Kenneth in north Mozambique for women,... Read more...


Suffering in Silence: The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2018

The globe is scarred by violence and disasters. Yet, some crises receive less media coverage than others. The aim of this report is to highlight those crises that, though large, have received little public... Read more...


CARE International Women’s Economic Empowerment Impact Report 2018

Women still have fewer economic rights, less access to economic opportunities and less control over economic resources than men due to a range of social, legal and political inequalities. Women’s economic empowerment (WEE) is one of four... Read more...


A new analytical framework for addressing the intersections of violence against women and girls with post-conflict statebuilding and peace-building processes

This brief presents an overview of a new analytical framework that explores the intersections of violence against women and girls (VAWG) and statebuilding and peace-building (SBPB) processes. This framework addresses the critical... Read more...


Intersections of violence against women and girls with state-building and peace-building: Lessons from Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan - Policy Brief

This brief presents findings from a ground-breaking study, conducted as part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises programme funded by the UK government, that explores the... Read more...


Intersections of violence against women and girls with state-building and peace-building: Lessons from Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan

This study, conducted as part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises programme funded by the UK government, explores how programmes and policies to prevent and respond to VAWG have... Read more...


CARE evidence to the International Development Committee Inquiry into the DFID Economic Development Strategy

CARE's written evidence to the IDC argues that DFID’s Economic Development Strategy has an inadequate focus on gender and therefore will not deliver outcomes for women, companies and... Read more...