“Our small peace cannot survive alone”: Lessons in peacebuilding and economic development in South Sudan

South Sudan has endured many decades of violent conflict. To escape from the cycle of destruction and revenge, the Compromise Peace Agreement signed in August 2015 presents an opportunity for national authorities and the international community to adopt a new approach. This paper draws on CARE’s integrated approach to peacebuilding and economic development to argue that community reconciliation and economic development should be given equal weight in strategy decisions by national authorities, donors and aid agencies.

Drawing on field research conducted in Maiwut County, Upper Nile State, where CARE’s peace and development work is most established, the paper looks at the role of peace committees, micro-entrepreneurs, savings and loan groups, and gender roles and economic markets. It highlights six key lessons from community peacebuilding and development, and makes recommendations for how national authorities, donors, and humanitarian and development actors, can help build long-term peace in South Sudan by promoting community reconciliation alongside economic development.

  • Countries: South Sudan
  • Published: December 2015

Related Publications

CARE evidence to the International Development Committee Inquiry into the DFID Economic Development Strategy

CARE's written evidence to the IDC argues that DFID’s Economic Development Strategy has an inadequate focus on gender and therefore will not deliver outcomes for women, companies and... Read more...


Women and girls in emergencies

This report collects and summarises new data and evidence from reports and research on women and girls’ specific vulnerabilities in natural disasters and conflicts. It shows that disasters disproportionately affect women and girls and offers... Read more...


Dangerous ground: Syrian refugees face an uncertain future

This report warns that governments in Europe, the United States and the region are putting many lives at risk by closing borders and forcing Syrian refugees back to Syria, or openly discussing measures for... Read more...


Suffering in silence: The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2017

The year 2017 was marked by scores of humanitarian crises: armed conflicts, natural disasters, climate shocks, hunger, displacement. While most of these crises made the headlines, there are others which barely made the news. And when crises are... Read more...


Ensuring universal access to family planning in crisis-affected settings: Key messages and policy asks

Of the 225 million women with unmet need for family planning, many live in areas affected by conflict or natural disasters. Delivering family planning services in these settings is critical to ensuring countries meet their FP2020 goals, as well... Read more...


Make words matter: The Syria crisis in United Nations statements

The Make Words Matter policy paper documents UN resolutions passed during the course of the Syria conflict, and statements made by senior UN officials, senior national policymakers/leaders, and Syrian civil... Read more...


Sharing the responsibility: The UK’s contribution to hosting refugees

CARE International is calling on the UK government to do more to assist people fleeing crises around the world, to host vulnerable refugees in the UK, and to show global leadership on this issue. This briefing paper outlines our priority asks to... Read more...


She is a humanitarian

Women’s participation in humanitarian action drawing on global trends and evidence from Jordan and the Philippines

This report, based on extensive research and consultations by CARE International, argues that efforts to protect... Read more...


Stand and Deliver: Urgent action needed on commitments made at the London Conference one year on

One year after the London Conference on Supporting Syria and the Region, 3 NGO platforms and 28 organisations, including CARE, have reviewed whether donors and host governments have fulfilled their commitments, and whether their actions have led... Read more...