Post-disaster shelter in India: A study of the long-term outcomes of post-disaster shelter projects

Over the last 15 years CARE India and other NGOs have repeatedly responded to natural disasters where large numbers of people have lost their homes. This study evaluates the medium- to long-term effectiveness of post-disaster shelter responses and recommends measures to strengthen future shelter programmes, whether undertaken by CARE or other agencies, to most effectively address the complex and interconnected needs of disaster-affected women, girls, men and boys.

The study covers 10 shelter programmes undertaken after natural disasters by CARE since 2001 and draws on separate evaluations of three Christian Aid and SEEDS post-disaster shelter programmes. The study covers projects in 12 States and Union Territory (Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand & West Bengal) and includes projects undertaken after the Indian Ocean tsunami, earthquakes, floods and cyclones. Detailed recommendations cover impact (scale and coverage); shelter and settlements; accountability; specific needs and capacities of women, girls, men and boys; relocation projects; and the shelter sector in India.

  • Countries: India
  • Published: February 2016

Related Publications

Supporting urban recovery after Cyclone Idai: Beira, Mozambique

This paper presents the findings from a real time research project which sought to understand the impact of Cyclone Idai on urban households and communities as well as the options for shelter actors seeking to support their... Read more...


We bend, we do not break: Resilient communities dealing with disaster and climate change

Disasters have strongly increased in both frequency and impact, with climate change as one of the main contributors to more extreme, frequent, and unpredictable weather. This report highlights how the implementation of an Integrated Risk... Read more...


Women’s and girls’ rights and agency in humanitarian action: A life-saving priority

This inter-agency position paper, signed by CARE and 40+ organisations worldwide, sets out a blueprint for governments, donors, UN agencies, civil society, and national and local actors to come together to uphold women’s and girls’ rights in... Read more...


Suffering in Silence: The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2018

The globe is scarred by violence and disasters. Yet, some crises receive less media coverage than others. The aim of this report is to highlight those crises that, though large, have received little public... Read more...


Humanitarian shelter and the ethics of self-recovery: A discussion paper

This discussion paper explores the ethics of balancing building back safer with respecting people’s autonomy, and their right to choose their own route to recovery, with reference to a ‘self-recovery’ approach to post-disaster shelter... Read more...


Insuring for a changing climate - A review and reflection on CARE’s experience with microinsurance

The impact of climate change is already having devastating effects on lives and livelihoods. Planning and programming to strengthen climate resilience is now commonplace in development interventions. As part of a set of disaster risk financing... Read more...


Shelter assistance: gaps in the evidence

This discussion paper provides insights into the funding, reach and potential impact of Shelter Cluster-activated responses to rapid-onset disasters between 2007 and 2017. It highlights the information and knowledge gaps and challenges related to... Read more...


Ways forward on gender and women’s participation in humanitarian action

This policy paper summarises recommendations from CARE International on gender and women’s participation in humanitarian action. The paper outlines ideas and options for ways forward of relevance to several current policy... Read more...


Women responders: Executive summary and guidance note

This short booklet reproduces the executive summary of the CARE research report 'Women responders: Placing local action at the centre of humanitarian protection programming' and the guidance note for practitioners and donors outlining detailed... Read more...


Women responders: Placing local action at the centre of humanitarian protection programming

This global research report aims to answer a key question: How is the humanitarian protection sector ensuring the participation and leadership of women responders? The report provides a comprehensive review of collaboration between humanitarian... Read more...