Putting gender in political economy analysis: Why it matters and how to do it

Political economy analysis has largely ignored gender as a system of power in society. This paper is written as a guidance note for practitioners, to help integrate an understanding of gender and its effects into each stage of a political economy analysis.

Key messages:

  • A gendered political economy analysis explicitly examines how gender and other social inequalities shape people’s access to power and resources and what this means for feasible pathways of pro-poor and equitable change.
  • As a practitioner-led, participatory approach, gendered political economy analysis ensures the perspectives of a diversity of women inform the process, findings and use of the analysis.
  • This leads to a more holistic understanding of the causes of poverty and inequality and helps practitioners to identify how to support marginalised people to actively change root causes.
  • Countries: Bangladesh
  • Co-authors: Gender & Development Network, Oxfam, Westminster Foundation for Democracy
  • Published: May 2018

Related Publications

Understanding resilience: Perspectives from Syrians

This report, based on in-depth and community-based research, sought to examine resilience in Syria from the experiences and reflections shared by Syrians inside the country. The research focused on the following questions: What does resilience... Read more...



Supporting resilience in Syria – Women's experience of the conflict and the 'new normal'

This policy brief analyses how Syrian women have adopted new livelihood strategies, new ways of accessing education, and new gender roles; and makes recommendations for how donors, as well as humanitarian and development agencies, should promote... Read more...


Inclusive Governance Progress Report 2018

Promoting inclusive governance for CARE means that women, men, girls and boys should have the opportunity and ability to participate meaningfully in public decisions that affect their lives, hold decision-makers to account and provide feedback on... Read more...


Curiosity Collective: Evidence of social changes for women in savings groups

CARE has been working with Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLA) since we first launched the model in Niger in 1991. Over the years, VSLAs have reached more 7.6 million members, 81% of them women. The economic impacts of the VSLA groups... Read more...



What does gender-sensitive cash and voucher assistance look like?

This multi-country, participant-led study asked women, and the men in their communities, what gender-sensitive cash and voucher assistance means to them. From the research we were able to define the elements of gender-sensitive cash and voucher... Read more...


Supporting women’s social movements and collective actions: CARE International Gender Network position paper and guidance note

CARE is committed to tackling the underlying causes of poverty and social injustice to bring lasting change to the world’s most vulnerable. This requires supporting and engaging with change agents. Research shows that major social change only... Read more...


Rapid gender and protection analysis: Cyclone Kenneth response, Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique

This rapid gender and protection analysis, conducted by the COSACA consortium and led by CARE, highlights the ways in which instability and entrenched gender inequalities are worsening the impact of Cyclone Kenneth in north Mozambique for women,... Read more...


Good practices for integrating gender equality and women’s empowerment in climate-smart agriculture programmes

The publication provides guidance, tools and examples of the successful integration of gender equality and women’s empowerment (GEWE) in climate-smart agriculture work. It demonstrates the necessity and benefits of incorporating a GEWE... Read more...