Taking drought into account: Addressing chronic vulnerability among pastoralists in the Horn of Africa

In 2006, a particularly severe drought hit the Greater Horn of Africa, plunging some 11 million people into crisis. The pastoral areas on the Ethiopia–Kenya–Somalia border were badly affected, with livestock losses of up to 70% and the mass migration of pastoralists out of drought-affected areas. This HPG Policy Brief argues that such catastrophic effects can be averted if pastoralist livelihoods are supported with timely and appropriate livelihoods-based interventions.

  • Co-authors: Sara Pantuliano and Sara Pavanello
  • Published: May 2009

Related Publications

Evicted by climate change: Confronting the gendered impacts of climate-induced displacement

This report highlights the causes and consequences of climate-induced displacement. It argues that climate change exacerbates existing gender inequalities. The report calls for more women’s leadership and greater financial support for... Read more...


West Africa Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19

This rapid gender analysis finds that women are excluded from information sharing on COVID-19 and from key high level decision making processes at national and regional level, across West Africa. Despite this, the analysis also reveals how... Read more...


Localization in operational practice: CARE’s experience in Sulawesi and beyond

CARE is committed to working with partners in emergency response and furthering the global humanitarian localization agenda. This study, drawing on CARE’s response to the 2018 earthquake and tsunami in Sulawesi, Indonesia, aimed to explore what... Read more...


Why Climate Justice is a Gender Justice issue

This policy briefing from CARE International UK outlines why women must be a central part of the response to the climate crisis, and argues that the UK Government, as host of the COP26 UN climate talks in November 2020 in Glasgow, has an... Read more...


Supporting resilience in Syria – Women's experience of the conflict and the 'new normal'

This policy brief analyses how Syrian women have adopted new livelihood strategies, new ways of accessing education, and new gender roles; and makes recommendations for how donors, as well as humanitarian and development agencies, should promote... Read more...



Suffering in Silence: The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2019

CARE International’s fourth annual review of the most under-reported humanitarian crises in the world – the natural disasters and conflicts that have affected a million people or more and yet received the least worldwide media attention in... Read more...


Understanding resilience: Perspectives from Syrians

This report, based on in-depth and community-based research, sought to examine resilience in Syria from the experiences and reflections shared by Syrians inside the country. The research focused on the following questions: What does resilience... Read more...


Practitioners guides, toolkits, and training manuals for integrated conservation and development projects

This paper seeks to summarise the best approaches for designing, implementing, and monitoring Integrated Conservation and Development Projects. It provides an annotated bibliography for field practitioners and technical advisors... Read more...


Gender-transformative adaptation: From good practice to better policy

This paper investigates the concept of gender transformation within adaptation to climate change. Focusing explicitly on adaptation within the agriculture sector, the paper describes various cases where gender equality outcomes have been sought... Read more...