The effects of an HIV and AIDS project on migrants in Nepal, Bangladesh and India: findings from a quasi-experimental study

This briefing presents findings from the the 5-year EMPHASIS project on migrants and HIV in Nepal, Bangladesh and India. Analysis of the project suggests that HIV and AIDS prevention programmes that focus on peer education for migrants within both their source and destination countries are vital to increase their knowledge on the risks of infection, reduce behaviour that increases these risks and expand their HIV-related service uptake.

The report provides strong evidence that EMPHASIS services have had a positive impact on HIV and AIDS knowledge and communication, on referral mechanisms, on sexual behaviour and condom use and on the creation of an enabling environment to improve working conditions in destination locations and address stigma against migrants and people living with HIV at source locations.

It also argues that as well as interventions to prevent HIV infection, it is essential to create an enabling environment by addressing migrants’ rights and entitlements and their safe mobility and by tackling the stigma they face to reduce their vulnerability.

Authors: Fiona Samuels, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Mirza Manbira Sultana, Prokriti Nokrek, Navneet Kaur, Nabesh Bohidar and Umesh Gahatraj

  • Countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal
  • Co-authors: ODI, Big Lottery Fund
  • Published: July 2014
Themes:

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