Climate-related vulnerability and adaptive capacity in Ethiopia's Borana and Somali communities Climate-related vulnerability and adaptive capacity in Ethiopia's Borana and Somali communities download

Climate-related vulnerability and adaptive capacity in Ethiopia's Borana and Somali communities

Pastoral communities in the Borana and Shinile zones of Ethiopia have been changing and adapting their livelihoods to changing environmental conditions for centuries. Recurrent droughts have been a major issue throughout history in the Ethiopian lowlands, and strategies to cope with, and adapt to these droughts are embedded in communities’ traditional social structures and resource management systems.

Despite the sense of determination, pastoralists’ ability to adapt is constrained by many factors including increasing land degradation; conflicts over scarce resources, which limit movement and destroy assets that are key for adaptation (especially in Borana); limited access to information (including that on weather, climate change, markets, as well as pest and disease outbreaks); limited education, skills and access to financial services and markets required to diversify their livelihoods; inadequate government policies, capacities and coordination; demographic pressures; and social and gender inequalities and marginalization, which reduce the voice and adaptive capacity of the most vulnerable.

Enhancing the adaptive capacity of pastoralists will require community-based and community-led interventions, but will also require tailored support from NGOs, donors, and governments and this study explores the issues and options facing all stakeholders.

  • Countries: Ethiopia
  • Co-authors: IUCN, IISD, Save the Children
  • Published: June 2009

Related Publications

Suffering in Silence: The 10 most under-reported humanitarian crises of 2018

The globe is scarred by violence and disasters. Yet, some crises receive less media coverage than others. The aim of this report is to highlight those crises that, though large, have received little public... Read more...


Insuring for a changing climate - A review and reflection on CARE’s experience with microinsurance

The impact of climate change is already having devastating effects on lives and livelihoods. Planning and programming to strengthen climate resilience is now commonplace in development interventions. As part of a set of disaster risk financing... Read more...


Doing Development Differently in the Global South – Workshop Report

On 4 December 2018 CARE International and the British Council convened a workshop in Nairobi with the title “Doing Development Differently in the Global South” to consider how the Doing Development Differently global community can better... Read more...


Women in barley farming: A gender analysis of the Diageo barley value chain in Ethiopia

CARE International and Diageo have been working together in a global partnership since 2016, empowering women and engaging men to address the root causes of gender inequality throughout the Diageo value chain and beyond. CARE... Read more...


Women in barley farming: A gender analysis of the Diageo barley value chain in Ethiopia - Executive Summary

A summary of the in-depth gender analysis conducted by CARE of Diageo’s barley value chain in the Oromia region in... Read more...