The more I dig around the more I think this gathering that seeks to ‘improve the state of the world’ is actually a cross between party conference season, the Hay on Wye literary festival and an academic retreat, rather than, as most seem to think, an event that replicates the infamous Bilderberg group meeting.
I spent a bit of time wiki’ing the founder of Davos, a German economist called Klaus Shwarb, who set up the meeting back in 1971. Turns out he was an early advocate of the concept of shared value. He publishes an annual Global Competitiveness Report , which assesses the potential for increasing productivity and economic growth of countries around the world, measuring competitiveness not only in terms of productivity but also based on sustainability criteria.
Schwab also developed the "stakeholder" management approach which attributed corporate success on managers taking account of all interests: not merely shareholders, clients and customers, but also employees and the communities within which the firm is situated, including governments. This belief clearly reflects the multi stakeholder nature of Davos – which whilst still dominated by business (1544 reps if I added these correctly) also includes a hefty 1,009 reps from civil society, media, international organizations and academia.
Achievements to date
So what has his gathering achieved? Well if the hype is to be believed, this neutral venue has over the last 40 years or so, led to The Davos Declaration signed in 1988 by Greece and Turkey, helping them turn back from the brink of war. In 1992, South African President F. W. de Klerk met with Nelson Mandela and Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the annual meeting, their first joint appearance outside South Africa. At the 1994 annual meeting, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat reached a draft agreement on Gaza and Jericho.
The Global Health Initiative was launched by Kofi Annan at the Annual Meeting in 2002. The GHI's mission was to engage businesses in public-private partnerships to tackle HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and health systems. And each year the WEF think tank machinery churns out reports on issues including ‘the global gender gap, ‘global risks’, ‘IT trends’ and ‘trade enabling environments’ that all help set various government agendas.
That is not to say there aren’t big problems with this event: the pathetic representation of women (only 17% despite quota’ being set), the dominance of US and European companies (still). Although there are the regional WEFs in Africa, Asia etc now too, and the costs of attending and accessing such a remote location (5 hour train journey from Geneva, 3 hour train from Zurich) not to mention the amounts corporates must spend on lavish dinners etc.
Two things I’d like to see this year’s Davos tackle:
1. ‘An insurgency over the lamentable progress in Syria’ – the words of former Foreign Minister Lord Malloch Brown at a recent FT ‘pre Davos predictions event’
2. Let’s also hope that the Plan B team's rallying cry to drive inclusive, sustainable prosperity, given the planetary emergency we face, will help us realise an ambitious set of Sustainable Development Goals that will ‘call into question the very purpose of business in the 21st century’.
CARE International UK is at Davos
- We want to change the way business works so we need to talk to business. Foreign Direct Investment dwarfs foreign aid, yet it does not generally benefit poor people. The poorest are not valued as contributors to national economies as producers, suppliers and consumers. We need to convince business otherwise and work to develop new products and services that benefit poor people (we are consulting with banks at Davos to do just this to try and address the fact that financial exclusion is as high as 76% in Africa (Read our joint report with Plan UK in partnership with Barclays ‘Banking on Change: Breaking the Barriers to Financial Inclusion’).
- It’s our chance to talk directly to the CEOs: Sometimes it is crucial to talk directly to decision makers and spend less time chasing the citizenship/CSR/external relations representatives).
- There aren’t enough multi stakeholder meetings that business, government and civil society can all chew the fat at, despite the fact that ‘partnership’ is recognised as essential for development progress.
So, there does seem to be a little bit more to Davos than ‘fat cats in the snow’ as Bono put it. What do you think? I’ll reflect on what it was actually like after the event and decide if we should change tack and re-instigate protests next year.